Appropriate nutrition is essential for the health and productivity of all animals and is the foundation of any successful production system, therefore, a focus on goat nutrition will help establish a profitable enterprise regardless of whether it is focused on meat, fibre, or milk production. Meeting all nutrient requirements (water, carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals, and vitamins) for the class of animal (growing, pregnant, lactating etc.) is essential for profitable goat production.
Like cattle and sheep, goats are cud-chewing, even-toed ungulate (hooved) ruminants, that possess a unique four-chambered stomach (reticulum, rumen, omasum, and abomasum), which supports fermentation before digesta reaches the small and large intestines. Although nutrient requirements differ in several ways, many of the principles for feeding sheep is still applicable to goats. However, the dietary preferences and grazing habits of goats differ from sheep as goats are predominantly browsing animals.