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Interesting Facts Zinc is a bluish-silvery metal that is mined in about 40 countries.  Zinc is found everywhere in daily life; in every cell of the animal body (it’s the second most abundant trace mineral after iron), it is estimated to comprise 0.004% of the Earth’s...

The Importance of calcium for the breeding cow There have been a number of reports this season of breeders in good condition, experiencing calving losses. In most cases, these animals are up to date with vaccinations and veterinary investigation has ruled out any underlying diseases. In...

Interesting Facts Calcium is a necessary component of all living things and is also abundant in non-living things, particularly those that help support life, such as soil and water (Pedersen, 2020). Calcium was first isolated by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 in London and the name...

Introduction Vitamins are nutrients that animals require in very small quantities for normal growth and maintenance of life, and the requirements for each differ considerably.  Vitamins are involved in metabolic processes as co-factors in energy, protein and fat utilisation as antioxidants, assisting in the uptake of...

Interesting Facts Phosphorus (P) was discovered in 1669 by Hennig Brand when he extracted it from buckets of urine and because the substance glowed in the dark, he initially called it “cold fire”.   Due to its reactive nature, and its use in poisons and nerve agents,...