Function and Deficiency Indicators for Important Minerals in Animal Nutrition

Function and Deficiency Indicators for Important Minerals in Animal Nutrition

The Function and Deficiency Indicators for Important Minerals in Animal Nutrition

Minerals play important roles in physiological, structural and regulatory functions within the animal body.  The term ‘essential mineral’ is used in reference to a mineral that has been proven to have a metabolic role in the animal body.  The nutritionally important essential minerals are further divided into macro-minerals and trace-minerals. Macro-minerals are those that are present in larger amounts in the body or are required in larger amounts in the diet.  Micro-minerals are often referred to as trace minerals and are present in low levels in the body or are required in smaller quantities in the diet.

Mineral nutrition is quite complex as the minerals interact with each other in the animal body.  These interactions can result in mineral elements ‘tying up’ or making other mineral elements unavailable for essential body functions.

The following table shows the function and deficiency indicators for some of the minerals that are of concern in animal nutrition.

 

Bibliography

Ewing, W. a. (2005). The Minerals Directory. Leicestershire: Context.

Hungerford, T. (1990). Ninth Edition Diseases of Livestock. Sydney: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Kohnke, J. K.-J. (1999). Feeding Horses in Australia. Barton: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.